November 22, 2018

Introduction to Desalination of Water

Introduction Only 1 percent of the earth’s water is liquid freshwater; 97 percent of available water resources are contaminated by salt. This makes desalination an essential […]
November 19, 2018

Nitrate Removal from Drinking Water by Sodium Thiosulfate and its impact on health

Abstract: Nitrate is a stable and highly soluble ion with a low potential for precipitation or adsorption, nitrate is seldom present in geological formations and therefore […]
November 19, 2018


Water pollution Water pollution is a major problem affecting people across the world. Heavy metals and dyes are major pollutants that cause many problems to the […]
November 18, 2018

Removal of Pollutants from Potable Water by Aeration

1-INTRODUCTION Aeration brings water and air in close contact in order to remove dissolved gases (such as carbon dioxide) and oxidizes dissolved metals such as iron, […]
November 18, 2018

Aerobic Treatment with Biofilm Systems

Biofilms Biofilms are small ecosystems usually consisting of three layers of differing thickness, which change in thickness and composition with location and over time (Meyer-Reil 1996). […]
November 18, 2018

Quality Control Measures & Routine Quality Assurance in Water Laboratories

1-Introduction Quality Control and Quality Assurance (QC/QA) are two important, if not critical, parts of meeting Data Quality Standards (DQS). The term quality assurance describes the […]
November 4, 2018

Membrane Filtration Processes in Water Treatment

  1.Introduction In 1748, the French physicist Nollet first noted that water would diffuse through a pig bladder membrane into alcohol. This was the discovery of […]
October 24, 2018

Recent Development in Halogenation Technology in Water Disinfection

Introduction Disinfection is the selective destruction of pathogenic organisms; sterilization is the complete destruction of all microorganisms. Disinfection may be considered as one of the most […]
October 22, 2018

Sludge Processing in Wastewater Treatment Plant

Wastewater sludge When wastewater is treated using various mechanical, biological, and physiochemical methods to remove organic and inorganic pollutants to levels required by the permitting authority, […]
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